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CHINA
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TOTAL AREA - 9,598,086 sq km (The 4th largest country in the world)

POPULATION - 1,273,111,290 (132 per sq km. 10% are below poverty line)

CAPITAL CITY - Beijing (population 14,900,000)

TEMP - North: -3c to 26c. South: 17c to 29c. Extreme: -17c to 41c.

TERRAIN - Mountains, high plateaus. West: Deserts. East: Deltas, hills

LAND USE - Permanent pasture 43%, Forest 14%, Arable land 10%, Permanent crops 0%

LARGEST REGION - Xinjiang (Equal to an area 1/6th of China)

ETHNIC GROUPS - Han Chinese 92%, Zhuang, Uygur, Hui, Yi, Tibetan, Miao, Mongol, Korean 8%

LANGUAGE / RELIGION - Mandarin / Daoist, Buddhist, Muslim, Christian

CURRENCY / INFLATION - Yuan (CNY) / Inflation 0.4%

EXPORTS - Machinery, equipment, textiles, clothing, footwear, toys, sports goods, minerals

LABOUR FORCE - Agriculture 50%, Services 26%, Industry 24%

RAILWAYS - 68,000 km (64,400 standard gauge + 3,600 narrow gauge)

WATERWAYS - 110,900 km

HIGHWAYS - 1,400,000 km (271,300 paved + 1,128,700 unpaved)
HISTORY -

1279 : Mongol Kublai Khan, grandson of Genghis, takes central China
1360 : Chinese Ming troops retake Beijing from Mongols
1368 : Ming dynasty ousts Mongol Yuan dynasty and rules until 1644
1644 : Manchus take Beijing establishing the Qing dynasty till 1911
1750 : Qings add Tibet and Taiwan to the Manchu Empire
1839 : Defeat in the Opium War resulted in Hong Kong passed to the British
1901 : Manchurian route for Trans-Siberian Railway is opened
1911 : Republican revolution overthrows the Qing dynasty
1916 : Country divided and ruled by military Warlords upto late 1930`s
1921 : Communist Party of China founded
1931 : The Mukden Incident, Japanese blow up railway to blame Chinese
1931 : Manchuria invaded by Japan after Mukden, creating Manchukuo
1937 : China at war with Japan after it staged several provocative incidents
1939 : Civil war breaks out between Nationalists and Communists
1945 : War with Japan ends after USA drop atomic bomb
1949 : Peoples Republic of China setup after Communist civil war victory
1949 : Nationalists move to Taiwan and setup government
1949 : Mao Tse-Tung led the Peoples Republic of China until 1976
1950 : China enters Korean War on side of North Korea
1950 : Peoples Republic expands to take in Tibet
1958 : Millions starve to death as governments economic plan fails
1959 : Military forces suppress major uprising in Tibet
1962 : Dispute over Himalayan border leads to conflict with India
1966 : 10 year plan for Cultural Revolution inflicts major changes
1986 : Open-Door policy attracts foreign investment for private sector
1989 : Tiananmen Square demonstrators shot by troops
1996 : China regains control over Hong Kong with agreement of UK
2005 : Chinas Communist and Taiwans Nationalist leaders meet for first time
2005 : First ever joint military exercises between China and Russia
2006 : New China-Tibet railway is opened
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